New to English writers typically begin by mastering simple sentence structures. These structures are used to convey ideas in straightforward terms, but they do not allow for much complexity. As a result, they are referred to as “low-level” English.
Native and non-native speakers of English are pushed in school to use more “intelligent” written language as a sign of their linguistic development. When attempting to pass English proficiency examinations, sophisticated language is particularly crucial. Using just basic sentence structures will result in a low score. This circumstance promotes the notion that more complex grammatical structure is linked to higher intellect. Students at universities worldwide are taught to utilize “persuasive” words and “complex” grammatical constructions when producing writing.
1) Use Simpler Words and Phrases
When you use simple words while maintaining the same structure, your writing will be less complicated. What isn’t apparent is that the more difficult words and phrases might actually convey something different than what they appear to imply.
2) In a Phrase, Reduce the Number of Negatives
Sometimes, to express what isn’t feasible, we must write about what isn’t possible. When a negative form (not, un-, im-) is employed, the reader must “flip” the statement’s meaning as they read along. Although this is simple when only one or two negatives are used, any more than four makes the sentence harder to comprehend cognitively.
3) Write Shorter Sentences, But Avoid Choppiness
Shorter expressions are generally more readable. When taken to an extreme, though, writing concise sentences may result in ungainly writing. The most effective balance varies by discipline, but a short and informative concept presented in brief, straightforward phrases is more appealing than the same idea delivered in lengthy terms. Be parsimonious; err on the side of brevity.
4) Use Key Terms Consistently
Speakers of a language who are fluent typically have more words at their disposal, and they frequently know several distinct methods to communicate the same idea. Writers are encouraged to vary their wording in narrative writing, such as fiction, by using many similar synonyms rather than repeating the same word multiple times.
However, papers should be written with the goal of conveying information rather than showcasing writing ability. Because the rule in research papers is that technical words should be used consistently, it may cause confusion when the same concept is referred to using varying language.
5) Use Simple and Sophisticated Language in Equal Measure
The use of more complex connectors and transition words appropriate to your field is a simple way to incorporate sophisticated language in your writing while still keeping your ideas and arguments comprehensible.
Use connectors and transitions in your writing, here more “refined” synonyms of connections and changes—but not key technical words—are acceptable. Their successful usage depends on balancing clarity with authority so that your specialist readers, who have varied English levels of proficiency, can comprehend your message quickly and clearly.